A Matchbox can be found in pretty much every home. Matches have been in existence since 1827 and the matchbox, as it is known today, came in to existance in 1840’s. The  first matches to be produced and commercialised relied on friction between the match head and a rough surface to achieve ignition. In 1845, the industry’s single most significant technical development took place, with the introduction of the ‘safety match’.

Just after the beginning of the match industry, matches have been a necessity of modern life. There is virtually no human society, irrespective of their degree of civilisation, that does not use matches – the product is one of the most ubiquitous commodities ever produced. While the concept and chemistry of the match have remained largely unchanged over time,
The origin of the safety match industry in India goes back to the beginning of this century, around 1910 from Calcutta, then by the time and reason, shifted to southern region of India. The match industry as a whole directly employs an estimated 250,000 people, with only 6,000 of these in the mechanized sector. The cottage sector, which involves totally manual operations and produces less than 75 million match sticks per year and is often household-based, accounts for about 50,000 workers. Thus,
small-scale, factory-based match production units employ by far the largest number of people (195,000 workers) involved in the match sector.
 
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